Urologists are the doctors or physicians that specialize in the diseases and problems of the urinary tract and for men’s reproductive systems. The urologists can treat a range of diseases such as kidney and bladder problems and oncological diseases relating to the urinary tract. However, a common misconception about urologists people have is that they are only for diseases and issues relating to men. The urologists mostly treat men but they also have expertise in treating women problems relating to pelvic problems, urinary tract infections and many problems after pregnancy.
Developing a habit for routinely check ups with a urologist will work in your favour in the later years of your life. If you’re looking for a urologist you can find the best Urologist in Lahore, the doctor will guide you about your queries.
What urologists treat?
There is a list of diseases that urologists treat.
Kidney diseases and stones
Kidney filters metabolic waste particles from blood and through urine most of it is excreted. When the kidney filters blood, there are times when the few particles it filters get deposited in the kidney and forms a mass. It is called kidney stones. They can be painful and may lead to kidney failure. If there is damage to the kidneys, it may lead to its failure which can prove fatal. High blood pressure, swelling of hands and ankles, decreased urine output, weakness is few symptoms of kidney failure.
If you get to kidney failure and need a transplant, urologists help in kidney transplants.
Urological Oncology and Cancers
Urologists are key physicians in the treatment of cancers of the urological system. Bladder cancer, renal cancer and other cancer of the urinary tract. For males prostate cancer, testicular cancer and other male productive cancers. A urologic oncologist for women may help in ovarian cancer and uterine cancer.
Urologist for men
- Male infertility, damage to the male productive system that might need surgery and different treatments according to a different diagnosis.
- Prostate problems are common in old aged men, enlarged prostate or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, prostate cancer are the most common problems dealt with by a urologist.
- Erectile dysfunction is declining rigidity of the penis. It can occur due to many other underlying issues.
- Peyronie’s disease is scar tissue developing beneath the skin of the penis, resulting in bending or curving of a penis.
Urologist for Women
- Pelvic Organ Prolapse is a condition where the pelvic floor muscle and tissues get weakened and can hardly support organs in the pelvis. It is mostly associated with pregnancies and menopause. The organs can fall from their usual positions.
- Menopause. The transitionary period of the menopause may lead to various discomforting symptoms that require a urologist and a gynaecologist.
- Urethral Diverticulum occurs when a pocket is formed close to the urethra. The pocket, often connected to the urethra, gets filled and causes symptoms.
Urinary Tract Infection
UTIs are bacterial infections in the urinary tract. Blood in urine, incontinence and other symptoms may occur due to UTI. Although it affects most women, it occurs in men too.
It’s basically a malfunction of the urinary tract. Incontinence is losing control of the bladder, it is an involuntary process. It can be due to various reasons and effect differently for the underlying causes. It happens in more women than men due to the pelvic muscles weakening after or during pregnancies.
What to expect from a Urologist?
A urologist deals with various problems in men and women regarding their urinary tract. It may require tests like imaging tests, urinal tests or biopsies to form a diagnosis. They do urodynamic testing for the urine and behaviour of the urinary tract. Following the diagnosis, the urologists treat the condition with the help of medicine and if needed, surgery.